Bhutan being the “Last Shangri-la” and a landlocked country solely is the most beautiful places in the entire planet. Before 1960, Bhutan was an isolated country where people entirely depended upon barter system with no export and import. A sparsely populated country bordered by India to the south, and China to the north, Bhutan has long maintained a policy of strict isolationism. After the second king and during the reign of the third Druk gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, Bhutan finally opened its door to the outside world.
Bhutan follows the philosophy of Gross National Happiness which is applauded by the entire universe. It includes; Equitable and equal socio-economic development, preservation and promotion of cultural and spiritual heritage, conservation of environment and good governance which are interwoven, complementary, consistent.
Bhutan has a very unique and peculiar culture and tradition. There are different dialects but Dzongkha and sharchop being the principal Bhutanese language.
The preservation of Bhutanese tradition is known as Driglam Namzha. The national dress being Gho for men and Kira for women. The national dress depicts a unique tradition of our country and it is one of the traits which define a Bhutanese. All Bhutanese are required to observe the national dress code when in office, while visiting a dzong or temple, or when appealing before a high-level official. Men wear a white cloth called kabney and and women rachu. The color of kabney and rachu differs depending on the rank a person holds.
Looking from a religious point of view, ever dzong each from the twenty dzongkhags perform a ritual known as Tsechu once in every year. This is the time of the year where people gather and get to wear all those antique Bhutanese dresses. Monks reside in dzongs and perform rituals for the well being of the country. Every dzong has its own principal to look after the affairs of the monastery but the head of all the dzongs in the country is Je Khenpo and he is equivalent to the king of the country.
Archery is played everywhere but it is the national sport of Bhutan. Previously only men used to play this game but with changing times, women are also taking part in it. Bhutanese archery is a social event, and competitions are organized between villages, towns, and different teams. Darts (Khuru in local language) is equally a popular outdoor sport played in Bhutan.
Bhutanese music has three genres, namely: zhungdra (traditional folk songs), Boedra and Rigsar (modern genre).